What Tenancy Agreement for HMO?

Renting out a property can be a rewarding venture, especially in the realm of Houses in Multiple Occupation (HMOs). If you are considering leasing your property for multiple tenants, it is crucial to have a solid tenancy agreement in place. In this guide, we will explore the essentials of an HMO tenancy agreement, including contract details and key considerations for landlords in the UK.

Understanding HMO Tenancy Agreements

When delving into the world of HMOs, having a clear and legally sound tenancy agreement is paramount. Such an agreement not only protects the rights of both landlords and tenants but also ensures that the property is managed efficiently. At Confidence Property, we emphasise the importance of a well-structured HMO tenancy agreement to safeguard your investment.

HMO Tenancy Agreement Template

To simplify the process, we recommend considering an HMO tenancy agreement template. This downloadable document outlines the terms and conditions that govern the landlord-tenant relationship within an HMO. Utilizing a standard template ensures consistency and adherence to legal requirements.

Key Elements of an HMO Contract

1. Property Details

The HMO tenancy agreement should begin with comprehensive details about the property. This includes the address, the number of rooms, communal spaces, and any specific rules regarding the use of common areas.

2. Duration and Renewal

Clearly stipulate the duration of the tenancy, whether it’s a fixed term or periodic. This provides stability for both parties.

3. Rent and Deposit

Specify the rent amount, due date, and any penalties for late payments. Additionally, outline the deposit amount and the circumstances under which deductions may occur, in compliance with UK regulations.

4. Responsibilities and Obligations

Define the responsibilities of both the landlord and tenants. This includes maintenance duties, utility payments, and any specific rules related to the HMO.

5. House Rules

Establishing house rules is crucial in an HMO setting. Outline guidelines for noise levels, cleanliness, and any other rules that contribute to harmonious communal living.

Obtaining HMO Tenancy Agreement Template

At Confidence Property we recommend using the NRLA Room Only Tenancy Agreement template which is available to members as part of an affordable annual subscription. Alternatively, you could have a document drawn up by your solicitor although it’s important that they understand the specifics of HMO tenancies. Choose one that aligns with your needs, and ensure that all parties involved thoroughly review and understand the agreement before signing.

HMO Tenancy Agreement in the UK

In the United Kingdom, HMO regulations are designed to ensure the safety and well-being of tenants in shared accommodation. Landlords must adhere to specific legal requirements, and a robust tenancy agreement is a fundamental aspect of compliance.

Frequently Asked Questions about HMO Tenancy Agreements

Q1: Is a separate agreement required for each tenant in an HMO?

A: It depends. Common practice is for individual tenancies to be issued to professional tenants and a group tenancy to be issued for students.

Q2: Can I modify the HMO contract template?

A: While you could, it’s not recommended as it will have be drawn up by a solicitor and any changes may invalidate the terms. The NRLA template has an addendum where you can add your own terms and if you had your own solicitor draw up the contract then you should run any changes by them.

Q3: Are HMO tenancy agreements different from standard residential tenancy agreements?

A: Yes, HMO tenancy agreements include additional clauses specific to shared living arrangements, such as rules for communal spaces and shared responsibilities.


In the dynamic landscape of property management, having a robust tenancy agreement is non-negotiable, particularly in the realm of HMOs. At Confidence Property, we prioritise providing landlords with the tools they need to navigate the complexities of the rental market successfully. Consider utilszing an HMO tenancy agreement template to ensure a secure and prosperous HMO investment.